LANKA PATUNA  -Renowned Legend of  tooth Relic

Legend in short….How Relic of tooth brought to srilanka


According to Sri Lankan legends, when the Buddha attained parinibbana, his body was cremated in a sandalwood pyre at Kusinara in India and his left canine tooth was retrieved from the funeral pyre by Arahat Khema. Khema then gave it to King Brahmadatte for veneration. It became a royal possession in Brahmadatte’s country and was kept in the city of Dantapuri (present day Puri in Orissa).

A belief grew that whoever possessed the Sacred Tooth Relic had a divine right to rule that land. Wars were fought to take possession of the relic. 800 years after the Buddha’s death, in the 4th century CE, the tooth came into the possession of King Guhaseeva of Kalinga, which roughly corresponds to the present day state of Orissa.

 Kalinga had become a Buddhist and begun to worship the Sacred Tooth relic. This caused discontent among some of the citizens, who went to King Paandu and said that King Guhaseeva had stopped believing in god and that he had started to worship a tooth.

King Paandu decided to destroy the relic, and ordered to it brought to the city. It is said that, as the tooth arrived at the city, a miracle occurred, and King Paandu converted to Buddhism.

When King Ksheeradara heard, he went with his army to attack Paandu in the city of Palalus. The invaders were defeated before reaching the city, and King Ksheeradara died.

A prince from the city of Udeni who had become a Buddhist came to worship the sacred tooth. King Guhaseeva was pleased with him, and let him marry his daughter. The prince was known as Dantha and the princess as Hemamala.When they heard that King Ksheeradara had died in the war, his sons raised a large army to attack King Guhaseeva and destroy the relic. They entered the city, but King Guhasiva secretly sent Dantha and Hemamala out of the city, with the relic.

 According to legend, Hemamali hid the relic in her hair ornament and the royal couple disguised themselves as Brahmins in order to avoid discovery. They set sail from Tamralipti, a port at the mouth of the river Ganges, and landed in Sri Lanka at the port of Lankapattana (now Ilankeiturei).

It is said that Sri Lanka was chosen as the new home for the tooth relic because the Lord Buddha had said that the religion will be safe in Sri Lanka for 2500 years

Present day of  Lanka Pattuna

Lanka Putuna Viharaya in Trincomalee is one of the oldest Buddhist temple in Sri Lanka. It dates back to the time it was brought to Sri Lanka during the reign of king Kithsiri Mewan also known as Kirthi Sri Meghawanna (303-331) who was the son of king Mahasen. The Dalada was brought to Sri Lanka concealed in the tresses of princess Hemamala daughter of King Guhaseeva of Kalinga who was accompanied by her husband prince Dantha whose father was the king of Udeni, the prince and his party were disguised as Brahmins and disembarked at the Illangathurai Harbour in the Kottiar pattu of Trincomalee. It was then known as Lanka Patuna and the oldest temple was Samudragiri Viharaya the fate of which is worth examining.

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The link was broken by LTTE but not forever

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 Closer look at the corolla..

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View from the peak                                                                                                                          

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closer look at standing budda statue





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 Magnificient Bay of  Lanka patuna

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